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Recognising Early Signs of Dementia

Aged Care

Updated 25-01-2024

Recognising Early Signs of Dementia

Dementia is a progressive neurological condition that affects millions of individuals worldwide, with far-reaching impacts on sufferers, their families, and the healthcare system. Often misconstrued as a singular disease, it is, in fact, an overarching term that describes a spectrum of symptoms associated with a decline in cognitive functions. Recognising the early signs of dementia is crucial for timely intervention and care. The sooner dementia is identified, the more opportunities there are to manage symptoms and improve quality of life.

Understanding Dementia and Its Impact

Before delving into the signs of dementia, it’s necessary to understand what dementia entails. Dementia is not a normal part of ageing, although it is more common in older populations. It results from a variety of diseases and injuries that primarily or secondarily affect the brain, such as Alzheimer's disease or stroke.

Cognitively, it affects memory, thinking, orientation, comprehension, calculation, learning capacity, language, and judgement. Psychologically, it can manifest in emotional control, social behaviour, or motivation, without impairing consciousness.

The Hallmarks of Early Dementia

Recognising the early signs of dementia can be challenging since they often mimic age-related forgetfulness. However, there are subtle distinctions that when noted, can signal the need for a more comprehensive assessment.

Memory Loss Affecting Daily Life

One of the most common early signs is a noticeable decline in short-term memory. Individuals may forget recent events, repeat themselves frequently, or rely more heavily on memory aids like reminder notes or electronic devices.

Difficulty with Familiar Tasks

Changes in the ability to perform daily tasks can indicate the onset of dementia. Those affected may struggle with tasks that were once routine, such as navigating familiar routes, managing finances, or following recipes.

Language and Communication Challenges

Dementia may cause difficulty recalling words or following conversations. Sufferers might stop in the middle of a conversation and be unable to continue, or they may call objects by the wrong name.

Disorientation and Confusion

Individuals in the early stages of dementia may become confused about the date or time of day. They may also become lost in familiar places, and have trouble understanding events happening around them.

Impaired Judgement or Decision Making

A decline in judgement or decision-making abilities is a concerning sign. This could manifest as poor financial decisions, neglecting one's hygiene, or dressing inappropriately for the weather.

Changes in Mood and Behaviour

Personality changes are common in people with dementia due to changes in the brain. They may exhibit rapid mood swings, becoming confused, suspicious, or depressed without a clear reason.

Social Withdrawal

As tasks become more difficult, someone experiencing early dementia might withdraw from hobbies or social engagements. This change might be due to difficulty keeping up with conversations or uncertainty about performing activities.

Taking the Next Steps

Witnessing these signs suggests that consulting a healthcare professional is imperative. Medical practitioners can perform cognitive and neurological exams to distinguish between normal ageing and possible dementia.

Cognitive Assessments

Healthcare providers may use a variety of tools to evaluate cognitive health. Tests such as the Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) can help determine the presence and extent of cognitive impairment.

Neurological Evaluations

Imaging studies like MRI and CT scans can provide insight into brain structure and help identify causes of dementia symptoms. Blood tests may also be conducted to rule out other conditions that mimic dementia.

Supporting Affected Individuals

Early diagnosis can aid in planning for the future, accessing treatment options, and connecting with support services. If dementia is suspected or diagnosed, community resources, support groups, and dementia care services can provide assistance for both the individual and their family. It also allows for potential preventative strategies to be implemented, reducing the rate of symptom progression.


Recognising early signs of dementia is a critical step in managing the condition effectively. Paying attention to the subtle shifts in cognition, mood, and daily functioning can make a significant difference in early intervention. By educating oneself and staying vigilant, we can better support those experiencing the early stages of dementia, fostering a compassionate, informed community response to a condition with profound personal significance.

It’s a collaborative journey, one where families, caregivers, and healthcare professionals must unite to provide comprehensive care for those navigating the path of dementia. With empathy, diligence, and the right support, life with dementia can be approached with dignity and a shared resilience.

About the Author

Olivia is a seasoned professional with an extensive career spanning the Aged Care sector, bringing decades of experience to her role. Her comprehensive understanding of Aged Care services and practices is a testament to her dedication. Olivia’s gratitude extends to those who have generously shared their knowledge and insights with her over the years, contributing to her wealth of expertise.

Olivia’s articles reflect her commitment to practical and informative content. They skillfully combine her industry know-how with real-world insights, providing valuable resources for navigating the complexities of the Aged Care sector. Olivia stands as a reliable advocate for delivering compassionate and effective care to elderly individuals, offering her support not only to fellow care workers and professionals but also to those seeking to gain a deeper understanding of the sector.

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