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Building Accessibility Into New Projects

Disability Support

Updated 25-01-2024

Building Accessibility Into New Projects

In today's world, where inclusivity forms the cornerstone of progressive societies, building accessibility into new projects has emerged as an essential practice for architects, planners, and developers across Australia. It is an embodiment of knowledge, empathy, and a forward-thinking mindset aimed at ensuring no individual is left behind due to mobility or sensory limitations. This guide will delve into the comprehensive spectrum of implementing accessibility from the blueprint stages to the final brick.

Understanding Accessibility and Its Importance

Before we plunge into the strategies for embedding accessibility into new ventures, it’s critical to apprehend what constitutes accessibility in the built environment. Accessibility stands for creating spaces and environments that can be easily used or reached by people of all abilities, including those with disabilities. It entails the removal of barriers that might limit an individual’s ability to navigate, understand, and engage with the surroundings.

Why is this important? Apart from the obvious moral and ethical imperatives, accessibility is also enshrined in law. The Disability Discrimination Act 1992, a pivotal legislation in Australia, demands that public spaces and buildings be accessible to everyone. Moreover, an accessible environment caters to a broader demographic, including the elderly and individuals with temporary impairments, thus broadening the project's reach and utility.

Pre-Design Phase: Laying the Groundwork for Inclusive Projects

Assessing Accessibility Needs Early On

The journey to an accessible project starts well before the design phase. It begins with an astute assessment of who will use the space and how. Stakeholder consultations, including discussions with disability groups and accessibility experts, can provide critical insights that shape the path forward.

Regulatory Compliance and Best Practices

Incorporating accessibility is not just about meeting minimum standards; it's about striving for best practices. Familiarising oneself with the National Construction Code (NCC) and the Premises Standards can ensure legal compliance while seeking to exceed these parameters affirms a commitment to optimal inclusivity.

Designing for Everyone: Strategies and Considerations

Constructing the User Experience from Entry to Exit

When designing for accessibility, every aspect counts — from the grade of ramps to the placement of signage. Here are some significant components to consider:

  • Entry and Navigation: Seamless entry into buildings with ramps, wide doorways, tactile indicators, and clear signage ensures a good start. Navigation pathways should be unobstructed and intuitive.

  • Flooring and Surfaces: Non-slip surfaces and stable, firm flooring across all areas prevent accidents and facilitate smooth movement for wheelchair users and individuals using other mobility aids.

  • Sanitary Facilities: Accessible toilets and changing rooms should not be an afterthought. They require careful planning to accommodate space for assistance, handrails, and emergency call systems.

  • Lighting and Acoustics: Ample lighting coupled with non-intrusive acoustics helps those with sensory impairments. Consideration of colour contrast and the use of natural light can greatly enhance the visibility and ambiance.

  • Technology and Interaction: In our digital age, ensuring that technological interfaces within projects are accessible is key. This includes having websites, kiosks, and interactive displays that comply with WCAG 2.1 standards.

Engagement and Empathy: Beyond the Blueprints

Regular Industry Training and Awareness

Building an accessible space is also about fostering an accessible mindset within the project team. Ongoing training and awareness initiatives keep accessibility at the forefront throughout the project lifecycle.

Feedback Loops: Incorporating User Experience

Engaging with people with disabilities in the testing phases of the project can uncover hidden barriers, allowing for adjustments before the project's completion. This feedback is invaluable for refinement.

The Ripple Effect of Accessible Projects

The impact of crafting accessible environments extends far into the future. It sets a precedent, catalyses societal change, and promotes diversity. By considering the diverse spectrum of users, new projects can become beacons of inclusivity that serve to enrich our communities.


Accessibility is an imperative that transcends mere compliance— it’s about creating spaces that celebrate diversity, embrace differences, and actively include all members of society. Building accessibility into new projects is not just a technical endeavour; it’s an ethical pursuit that reflects the heart of a truly inclusive Australia. It is a commitment that, when woven into the essence of every new development, has the power to reshape our environment, our society, and our collective future.

About the Author

Alex is an esteemed expert in assistive technology and disability support services, he holds a unique blend of professional expertise and personal dedication to enhancing the lives of individuals with disabilities. With over a decade of experience in research and development, Alex has been at the forefront of integrating cutting-edge assistive technologies into practical support solutions. Renowned for his empathetic approach and strong advocacy for disability rights, Alex's work extends beyond academic research to hands-on involvement in community initiatives and policy advisory roles. A prolific writer, his articles are widely acclaimed for their insightful analysis, clear communication, and commitment to ethical considerations in technology use.

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